Try not to hyperextend your knees when performing squats, lunges or any other bending motion. This places an incredible amount of stress on these joints. Hyperextension occurs when the knee travels beyond the tips of the toes. Always keep the knee bent at a ninety degree angle or less.
Before exercising, make sure to warm your body up. This is important for lubricating the joints and loosening up the muscles so that common injuries are avoided. A good warm up will take between five to ten minutes and it will also make your heart rate increase. You can talk a quick walk or jog in place.
Put on the right gear before working out. Proper footwear is essential. You should get great arch support from your shoes and you also want the mid-portion of the foot to have sufficient range of movement.
The core muscles should be a major focus of your strength training. These muscles help support the back and prevent stress-related injuries. Rather than doing sit-ups and crunches which place stress on the shoulders and neck, try assuming and holding the plank position. This looks like the top of a push-up and will engage all of you abdominal muscles at once.
Your fitness program should be a balanced combination of both strength building and cardiovascular activities. Cardiovascular exercise increases the heart rate and includes exercises such as cycling, dancing and jogging. Strength training targets specific muscles and will increase the density of your bones. When you are done working out, gradually decrease your activity levels in order to cool down and then stretch each targeted muscle group.