Ability to perceive otherwise not readily available information is also referred to as psychic. People who make use of techniques like cold reading, hot reading, and prestidigitation to make it seem look like they have psychic abilities are called psychics too. Fantasy fictions like novels and films are full of depictions of these abilities through characters. There exists a whole industry of psychics, where they offer clients advice.
The origin of the word psychics is psychikos, a Greek word that partially means human mind. The word holds many other interpretations and meanings in the Greek word which translate to different meanings in English. Camille Flammarion, an astronomer and a spiritualist from France is believed to have been the first person to use the word. However, its introduction in the English language was done by William Cox in the 1870s.
Generally, the belief in presence of extrasensory perception among US residents has been low. Less than 5% of the population believed in these powers in the 90s. Most people wanted the practice to be allowed but not encouraged while some wanted it to be discouraged completely. Neuroscientists seemed to hold the strongest disbelief and opposition to these powers. They wanted the practice to be discouraged and even outlawed.
There is a certain percentage of the population that believes that psychic abilities are in everybody and only need to be activated. Activation can be done through practicing divination and mediation. As such, there are many websites, video clips, and films dedicated to teaching people who to activate the abilities in themselves. Some also believe that the abilities can be passed from a parent to another, making them hereditary.
This field is one of the fields that attracted a lot of attention from both private and public organization. As such, the government of the US invested in research and trials to test for remote viewing and other extrasensory perception powers. The results had very little proof of existence of this ability that it could not be accepted. Some among the paranormal explanations advanced by psychics have been explained simply by other experts. The same experts have disagreed with the explanations stating that they have no scientific proof.
Many nations have outlawed this field because it does not offer enough evidence for its validity so that it can be accepted. Claims made by some of the famous psychics have been found to contain no truth or accuracy at all. Despite that, famous psychics continue to claim that they possess abilities.
This field is still under study and unless new proof comes out, it is considered by scientists as false. People who practice in this field have been described as disillusioned. Their claims have been ruled baseless and completely misleading.